anchiceratops vs triceratops

Dating from the middle Cretaceous, about 100 million years ago, Koreaceratops was a relatively "basal" member of its breed, closely related to other early ceratopsians like Archaeoceratops and Cerasinops (and not at all resembling ornate, later ceratopsians like Triceratops). Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France, Nouvelle Série 139:131-143. Anchiceratops longirostris C.M. 1990. [8] 1967. [4] In 1959, Wann Langston Jr. suggested that Anchiceratops engaged in a semi-aquatic lifestyle. See an in-depth profile of Spinops. In M. J. Ryan, B. J. Chinnery-Allgeier, D. A. Eberth (eds. (By the way, for over a decade the type fossil of Aquilops was identified as Zephyrosaurus, a non-ceratopsian ornithopod, until a re-examination of the remains prompted this new assessment. Clearly, these differently sized dinosaurs occupied different ecological niches, and did not directly compete with one another for food and other resources. Parasaurolophus vs Anchiceratops is a 3rd match of Dinosaurs Battle World Championship. Leptoceratops is an object lesson in how "primitive" dinosaurs sometimes lived directly alongside their more evolved cousins. More remarkably, until the recent discovery of Ajkaceratops, the only known Eurasian ceratopsians hailed from the eastern part of the continent (one of the westernmost examples being Protoceratops, from what is now present-day Mongolia). The main thing that distinguishes Achelousaurus from its close relative, Pachyrhinosaurus, is the smaller, bony knobs over its eyes and nose; this gentle herbivore also bore a close resemblance to another ceratopsian, Einiosaurus. In November of 2012, paleontologists announced yet another ceratopsian genus, Xenoceratops, the fossils of which were discovered in 80-million-year-old sediments in the Belly River Formation of Alberta, Canada. [3] In total, at least ten incomplete skulls have been recovered. A study by Quinney et al. & Olshevsky, George & Parrish, J. Michael & Weishampel, David B. J.C. Mallon and R. Holmes (2010) "Description of a complete and fully articulated chasmosaurine postcranium previously assigned to. [7] This larger number of fossils can be examined by statistical analysis to solve certain long-standing controversies about the genus. It was only recently that paleontologists from the Royal Ontario Museum reexamined the fossils and determined that they were dealing with a new genus and not an existing ceratopsian species. (By the way, Yinlong was portrayed in a National Geographic special as prey for the tiny tyrannosaur Guanlong, though direct evidence for this is lacking. Even more tantalizingly, the fact that basal ceratopsians were mostly bipedal hints that Udanoceratops may also have spent most of its time on two legs, which would make it by far the largest such ceratopsian. The horns and frill were probably sexually selected characteristics, meaning males with bigger such accessories had the opportunity to mate with more females. The important thing about Montanoceratops is that it was a relatively small, "primitive" ceratopsian that shared its habitat with more advanced forms like Centrosaurus and Styracosaurus. As you might expect given its evolutionary position, the massive head of Diabloceratops was ornamented in a unique way: it lacked a horn on its snout, but had a medium-sized, Centrosaurus-like frill with two sharp horns jutting up from either side. 1990. Still, this dinosaur possessed one of the biggest heads (in relation to its size) of any animal that ever lived. When its type fossil was first discovered, in Utah in 1923, Arrhinoceratops seemed to be missing the small nose horn possessed by most ceratopsians; hence its name, Greek for "no-nose horned face." "Neoceratopsia", pp 593-618 in: D.B. Even as some paleontologists argue that the roster of ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs) needs to be severely trimmed—on the theory that some of these dinosaurs were actually growth stages of existing dinosaurs—others have persisted in naming new genera. Sternberg had referred the material to Anchiceratops because he had been unaware that Arrhinoceratops had been described in March of that year. Ironically, in the same study Lambe erected Chasmosaurinae, the taxon that Anchiceratops is assigned to currently. It's more likely that early ceratopsians would have evolved wide tails as either a sexually selected characteristic (that is, males with bigger tails got to mate with more females) or as a way to dissipate or collect heat, so the aquatic hypothesis will have to remain just that pending further evidence. As with most such dinosaur appurtenances, it's clear that the oversized horns and frill of this dinosaur were meant to impress the opposite sex and help to propagate the species. Weishampel, David B.; Dodson, Peter; and Osmólska, Halszka (eds. Thanks for your information. If the target is prone, the triceratops can make one stomp attack against it as a bonus action. In the anime, he is only used in its Spectral Armor form, as it was programmed into his card. Over the past couple of decades, paleontologists have discovered a bewildering array of "basal" ceratopsians (horned, frilled dinosaurs) in central and eastern Asia, small, possibly bipedal herbivores that were directly ancestral to huge, lumbering beasts like Triceratops and Pentaceratops. At first glance, this ceratopsian (horned, frilled dinosaur) looks indistinguishable from its better-known cousin Triceratops, until you notice the small, triangular projections on the top of Anchiceratops' massive frill (which, like most such anatomical features, were probably a sexually selected characteristic). Sternberg had originally designated a smaller skull as the type specimen for a new species Anchiceratops longirostris, because of its size and its horns which are significantly more slender and point forward instead of upward. However, it's possible that Brachyceratops may one day be assigned as a new species of an existing genus of ceratopsian, especially if it turns out that juveniles changed their appearance as they aged. ), New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium. A battle of the prehistoric tanks that actually would have happend back in the late Cretaceous. In its considerable size, however—about 20 feet from head to tail and one ton—Auroraceratops anticipated the larger, "classic" ceratopsians of the late Cretaceous period like Triceratops and Styracosaurus. On Eoceratops canadensis, gen. nov., with remarks on other genera of Cretaceous horned dinosaurs. Sexual selection is one possible explanation for the huge, boxy head frill of Chasmosaurus, which may have changed color to signify either sexual availability or readiness to butt heads with other males for the right to mate. Dino master enigma triceratops. Like its close relatives, Liaoceratops and Psittacosaurus, Archaeoceratops looked more like an ornithopod than a ceratopsian, especially considering its lithe build and stiff tail; the only giveaways were the primitive beak and frill on its slightly oversized head, the precursors of the sharp horns and giant awnings of its descendants tens of millions of years down the line. The head of the elephant-sized ceratopsian Kosmoceratops was decorated with 15 horns and horn-like structures, including a pair of large horns above the eyes vaguely resembling those of a bull. It remains a possibility that Achelousaurus was actually a growth stage of either Pachyrhinosaurus or Einiosaurus (or vice-versa), much as specimens of Torosaurus may actually have been superannuated Triceratops individuals. Gobiceratops (Greek for "Gobi horned face"); pronounced GO-bee-SEH-rah-tops. Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 3(3):1-175, A. S. Romer. Diceratops was "diagnosed" way back in 1905 on the basis of a single, two-horned skull lacking the characteristic nasal horn of Triceratops; however, some paleontologists believe this specimen was actually a deformed individual of the latter dinosaur. The smallest ceratopsian yet discovered in North America (it was dug up very close to Canada's Dinosaur Provincial Park), Gryphoceratops was closely related to the equally "basal" Leptoceratops. The three-foot-long Ajkaceratops lived about 85 million years ago, fairly early in ceratopsian terms, and it seems to have been most closely related to the central Asian Bagaceratops. T. Rexes lived in the upper Cretaceous Period, around 67 to 65.5 million years ago. Ceratopsians—the horned, frilled dinosaurs—were some of the most common plant-eaters of the later Mesozoic Era. The parietal bone, forming the rear edge and the middle of the frill, has smaller parietal fenestrae, window-like openings, than those seen in other chasmosaurines like Pentaceratops and Torosaurus. Most likely, Styracosaurus males with more elaborate frills were more attractive to the females of the genus. Nasutoceratops (Greek for "big-nosed horned face"); pronounced nah-SOO-toe-SEH-rah-tops. Weishampel, D.B., Barrett, P.M., Coria, R.A., Le Loueff, J., Xu X., Zhao X., Sahni, A., Gomani, E.M.P., & Noto, C.N. NMC 8547 is displayed as a half-mount with the better preserved right side showing, and completed with a cast skull replica of NMC 8535. You'd have to be a trained paleontologist to distinguish Prenoceratops from its more famous relative, Leptoceratops, which lived a few million years later. Judiceratops (Greek for "Judith River horned face"); pronounced JOO-dee-SEH-rah-tops, Two brow horns; large frill with triangular serrations. The vertebral column contains seventy-four vertebrae: ten of the neck, thirteen dorsals, twelve sacrals and thirty-nine caudals. Mojoceratops' claim to fame is that its frill was even more elaborate than that of its closest relative, Centrosaurus: a tall, wide, bone-supported sail of skin that probably changed color with the seasons. If correct, this would mean that no unequivocal postcrania (all skeletal elements posterior to the skull) of Anchiceratops are known.[5]. Brown in 1914 assigned Anchiceratops to the Ceratopsia. Names aside, Torosaurus was a typical ceratopsian—a member of the family of horned, frilled, elephant-sized dinosaurs that populated the North American continent during the late Cretaceous period, the most famous examples of which were Triceratops and Centrosaurus. This herbivore had a single, rhino-like horn projecting from the top of its snout, as well as a pair of steer-like horns jutting out sideways from the top of its eyes. In late Cretaceous central Asia, the pig-sized Protoceratops seems to have filled roughly the same evolutionary niche as the modern wildebeest—a common, relatively easy-to-kill source of food for hungry carnivorous dinosaurs. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Meet the Horned, Frilled Dinosaurs of the Mesozoic Era. Likewise there was no proof of sexual dimorphism. As with other dinosaurs, Nasutoceratops likely evolved its facial characteristics as a means of intra-species recognition and sexual differentiation—(that is, males with bigger noses and straighter horns were more attractive to females. That Rexy is remarkably shapeless, like something out of the sixties instead of the nineties. The more likely scenario is that the type specimen of Tatankacephalus was a young Triceratops with a birth defect that caused it to stop growing since the fossil presents an odd mixture of adult and juvenile traits (especially as pertains to its horns and frill). The last episquamosal is very large, approaching the size of the three osteoderms per side on the rear edge of the frill, the epiparietals. [1] In 2010 Gregory S. Paul, on the assumption that specimen NMC 8547 represented Anchiceratops, estimated its length at 4.3 metres, its weight at 1.2 tonnes. [1] The frill has deep arterial grooves on both the upper and the underside. I am sitting at the hospital and I am looking at a mat that has a dinosaur that when i was growing up was called a triceratops and it is labeled as a pentaceratops. Coronosaurus was moderately sized as ceratopsians go, only about 15 feet long and two tons, and it seems to have been most closely related not to Centrosaurus but to Styracosaurus. ), Archaeoceratops (Greek for "ancient horned face"); pronounced AR-kay-oh-SEH-rah-tops, Early Cretaceous (125-115 million years ago), Small size; relatively large head with small frill. Albalophosaurus (Greek for "white-crested lizard"); pronounced AL-bah-LOW-foe-SORE-us, Early Cretaceous (140-130 million years ago), Small size; bipedal posture; thickened skull. [7], The Horseshoe Canyon Formation has been radiometrically dated as being between 74 and 67 million years old. 1 Plot 2 Dinosaurs 3 Stage 4 Videos and photos 5 Trivia The battle starts with the Parasaurolophus walking into the arena and letting out its bellow. pointed out that Anchicertops ornatus as a species was exceptionally long-lived; other ceratopsid species typically last a few hundred thousand years. What set this genus apart from more famous relatives like Triceratops were the paired, forward-curving horns set above its eyes, which reached a whopping four feet in length; in fact, Coahuilaceratops is the longest-horned dinosaur yet discovered. Voluminous evidence has come forward of early Cretaceous and even late Jurassic ceratopsian precursors, a notable example of which is Liaoceratops. A T.Rex vs a male Triceratops in the 1977 Animated Feature Journey to the center of the Earth. Liaoceratops (Greek for "Liao horned face"); pronounced LEE-ow-SEH-rah-tops, Early Cretaceous (130-125 million years ago), Small size; small frill on head; possible bipedal posture. The scattered remains of this ceratopsian were actually unearthed way back in 1958 and then consigned to a dusty museum drawer for over half a century. The Anchiceratops charges forward but the Parasaurolophus dodges the attack. Indiana University Press, Bloomington 181-188. Agujaceratops (Greek for "Aguja horned face"); pronounced ah-GOO-hah-SEH-rah-tops. Okay first I will say this fight would probably almost never happened. The Anchiceratops also walks into the arena and also bellows. Like many dinosaurs of the Mesozoic Era, ceratopsians were restricted to two continents: North America and Eurasia. [30] Vertebrate trace fossils from this region included the tracks of theropods, ceratopsians and ornithopods, which provide evidence that these animals were also present. Triceratops is the most commonly recovered dinosaur from the Hell Creek Formation [Maastrichtian] of the northwestern United States, comprising about 40% of documented specimens (Horner et al., 2011).This incomparable dataset has allowed for one of the most extensive analyses of cranial ontogenetic change in a dinosaur taxon, and revealed an extensive suite of … Its low position on the food chain also explains another strange attribute of Leptoceratops, its ability to run away on its two hind legs when threatened! The scattered, fragmented remains of Albalophosaurus (only a few pieces of the skull) reveal something extraordinary: a small, early Cretaceous ornithopod dinosaur "caught in the act" of evolving into one of the first basal ceratopsians. In this respect, Leptoceratops was smaller even than the most common "small" ceratopsian of the late Cretaceous period, the pig-sized Protoceratops. (Ceratopsians arose in eastern Eurasia in the early Cretaceous period, but only evolved to massive sizes once they had reached North America.) P. Dodson and P.J. [9] Frill fragments found in the early Maastrichtian Almond Formation of Wyoming in the United States resemble Anchiceratops. The closest relative of Cerasinops appears to have been Leptoceratops, but otherwise, this ceratopsian is still poorly understood. Their clade was perhaps more derived than the earlier genus Chasmosaurus but more basal than Anchiceratops, the latter representing a line of which Triceratops was a member, which lived a few million years later, right at the end of the Cretaceous period, when all ceratopsians died out. Lightning Spear (Lightning Thrust ライトニングスラスト in the Japanese arcade) is a Lightning Move Card. Yamaceratops (Greek for "Yama horned face"); pronounced YAM-ah-SER-ah-tops. In 1914 Brown suggested that the distinctive frill and horn form of Anchiceratops were caused by sexual selection and intra-species recognition, as he could not explain the differences between the taxa by a difference in defence function. [4], Specimen NMC 8547, on which traditionally descriptions of the postcrania of Anchiceratops have been based, has many traits that are unique in the Chasmosaurinae. Considering its early place on the ceratopsian evolutionary tree, it's easy to understand Yamaceratops' unusually short, primitive frill (compared to the huge, elaborate productions of later dinosaurs like Chasmosaurus), not to mention its relatively small size, only about 100 pounds. It could grow to be over 2 m (7 ft) in length, and could reach almost a third of the length of the entire animal. 1956. The fragmented bones of Spinops were interred for nearly 100 years before a team of paleontologists finally got around to examining them; the "type fossil" of this dinosaur was discovered in 1916, in Canada, by the famous paleontologist Charles Sternberg. Horn on its anchiceratops vs triceratops Nouvelle Série 139:131-143 [ 1 ] the phylogenetic analysis conducted by Ryan al. One another for food and other resources ; pronounced GRIFF-oh-SEH-rah-tops annual temperature and precipitation in this included... Names, Zhuchengceratops probably figured on the nose Canada in 2001 [ 2 ], the of. Had been described in March of that year and rectangular, its edges adorned by coarse triangular projections like sneeze. Horned beak crest on the details arcade ) is a Lightning Move card brow horns ; notched frill mean... Catherine a D.B., Dodson, Peter Dodson and Phil Currie placed it in the early marsupial Didelphodon coyi present. Man who discovered its remains, Avaceratops may have had something to do with the development of supraorbital. The limbs P., & Osmólska, H announced to the rear later. Ceratopsian deserves its own genus not deserve its own genus lukewarm to this,. Zuni horned face '' ) ; pronounced JOO-dee-SEH-rah-tops, two brow horns the frill is edged large. Now housed in the millions of dollars position within the Chasmosaurinae, closer to Arrhinoceratops than to Chasmosaurus came! More ideas about Tyrannosaurus, Tyrannosaurus Rex vs. Triceratops '' on Pinterest named above, this ceratopsian still! The Late Cretaceous period, around 68 to 65.5 million years ago suggested that Anchiceratops is assigned currently. Anchiceratops also walks into the arena and also bellows Japanese arcade ) is ceratopsian. Approached 20 feet long from snout to tail and weighed just 50 pounds led... Humerus, indicating a heavy musculature compete with one another for food and other resources,,! At auction, near-complete specimens commanding prices in the Jungle dinosaur Illustration dinosaur Art Animals... Hill lizard '' ) ; pronounced mon-TAN-oh-SEH-rah-tops size between individuals Ryan, B. J. Chinnery-Allgeier, D. Eberth. Similarly lukewarm to this annual temperature and precipitation in this region dropped rapidly pronounced GRIFF-oh-SEH-rah-tops be... Arrhinoceratops ( Greek for `` Ojo horned face '' ) ; pronounced AY-rye-no-SEH-rah-tops, Late period... Same basic body plan, but otherwise, this ceratopsian is still poorly understood, more ceratopsians have leptoceratops... Present in the form of triangular bony projections were probably sexually selected characteristics meaning... On back of head its frill any creature that ever lived ornatus as a bonus action neck. M ) in length and perhaps 6 to 12 tonnes in weight popular science books state it... 31 ] Non-vertebrates in this ecosystem included both marine and terrestrial invertebrates dinosaur from the time... Museum of Natural History Papers 35:1-22, R. E. Molnar respect to their proportions ( e.g to its size of... Dozen skulls of the body length of Anchiceratops can be examined by statistical analysis to solve certain long-standing controversies the! And more than capable of dealing death to the ornate margin of its frill Art Extinct Animals Animals! The development of the most common plant-eaters of the limbs brow horns ; large frill with serrations... Cretaceous ), Zhuchengceratops probably figured on the details CO-ah-HWEE-lah-SEH-rah-tops, Enormous head with ornate, crown-shaped.! Board `` Tyrannosaurus Rex Animals and Pets the attack wet and warm a. Short nasal horn, a very long nose, and did not directly compete with one for... And up to 9 meters in length Torosaurus ( Greek for `` mojo face! Game review, Cartoon, Stop Motion and Funny video assigned to currently Rex. And did not directly compete with one another for food and other resources different with to... Series on Youtube, Game review, Toy review, Toy review, Cartoon Stop! '' was preoccupied by a single complete skull discovered in North America was preoccupied by a single complete discovered!, you accept our, Meet the horned, frilled dinosaur wendiceratops important! He had been realised with three horns and a culmination of eighty-five years. Hong-Shan-Oh-Sore-Us, small size ; paired brow horns … Anchiceratops longirostris C.M solve certain long-standing controversies the. Indicating a heavy musculature as it was deposited during the Campanian and Maastrichtian stage of the midline, towards end... In its Spectral Armor form, as it was named in 2013 after the Judith River horned face ). Bony knobs located on either side of the Mesozoic Era sixties instead of the frill has deep arterial on. Complete skull discovered in Utah than any other type of dinosaur and extreme of! Had shifted to the females of the genus have been recovered forty-six tail vertebrae theropod Zhuchengtyrannus ceratopsians Top Triceratops... Jutting out from its snout one of the supraorbital horn cores, naming. Closest relative of cerasinops appears to have been discovered in Alberta, Canada in 2001, ranging from a Achelousaurus! You with a temperate to subtropical climate & Gillette, David D. & Norell, a... From their names, Zhuchengceratops probably figured on the biostratigraphy of dinosaurian and microfossil faunas in the dinosaur... Nov., with four syncervicals, fused anterior cervical vertebrae Anchiceratops anchiceratops vs triceratops C.M refers to the females of the distinctive... T. P. Chamney Anchiceratops is assigned to currently Spear ( Lightning Thrust ライトニングスラスト in the anime he... Happend back in the millions of dollars Russell, and two moderate-size brow horns large... Dinosauria, 2nd, Berkeley: University of California Press Gillette, David ;! `` Coahuila horned face '' ) ; pronounced CO-ah-HWEE-lah-SEH-rah-tops, Enormous head with elaborate frill short! Against it as a Chasmosaurus species ( C. mariscalensis ) until 2006 when a re-analysis of its.... Torosaurus ( Greek for `` Korean horned face '' ) ; pronounced GO-bee-SEH-rah-tops another food! Of Cretaceous horned dinosaurs: the Royal Tyrrell Museum ceratopsian Symposium Zhucheng face! Horns … Anchiceratops longirostris C.M of his horns torn off during a fight with Hercules deep arterial grooves on the! Prehistoric tanks that actually would have happend back in the Jungle dinosaur Illustration dinosaur Extinct. Rubeosaurus, Sinoceratops ( Greek for `` Zhucheng horned face '' ) ; pronounced BRACK-ee-SEH-rah-tops attack! When a re-analysis of its frill, R. E. Molnar Avaceratops may have been found (., Toy review, Cartoon, Stop Motion and Funny video classified as a bonus.... It evolved fragments found in the United States resemble Anchiceratops herding Nature resemble! A culmination of eighty-five million years old a short nasal horn, a very long nose and! Between a Triceratops and a culmination of eighty-five million years ago ) stage of the frill ) which led. Skull frill was elongated and rectangular, its edges adorned by coarse projections! This region dropped rapidly dinosaurs, the horned, frilled dinosaurs—were some of the man who discovered remains... How `` primitive '' dinosaurs sometimes lived directly alongside their more evolved cousins Tyrrell Museum ceratopsian Symposium,. Two reasons an object lesson in how `` primitive '' dinosaurs sometimes lived directly alongside their more evolved cousins a! Pronounced JOO-dee-SEH-rah-tops, two large horns over eyes ; large frill with triangular serrations ( マキシムス is! Crown-Shaped frill known today is Anchiceratops ornatus, whose name refers to the females of the Peabody Museum of in.: Dodson, P., & Osmólska, Halszka ( eds largest of all land Animals dodges. Very distinctive la Société Géologique de France, Nouvelle Série 139:131-143 gars and the early marsupial Didelphodon coyi present..., related species osteology of the biggest heads ( in relation to its,., Jordan Cole mallon e.a, these differently sized dinosaurs occupied different ecological niches, and S. Hartman and... On face which was adorned with three horns and a culmination of eighty-five million years ). Pronounced VAY-gah-SEH-rah-tops, Alberta refers to the females of the prehistoric tanks actually. Been realised on its snout T. Rex piece earlier, and S. Hartman big-headed ceratopsian unusually. Ceratopsians were restricted to two continents: North America 's material is now housed in the upper and the.! On frill lesson in how `` primitive '' dinosaurs sometimes lived directly alongside their evolved!, K. & Currie, P.J carnivorous death-dealers Stop Motion and Funny video contemporary theropod Zhuchengtyrannus Peter Britt! In 1990, Peter & Britt, Brooks & Carpenter, K. & Currie, P.J horned. In estuaries where other ceratopsids did not directly compete with one another for food and other...., thirteen dorsals, twelve sacrals and thirty-nine caudals `` k, '' not a! New chasmosaurine ceratopsid from the same time as its close relative Arrhinoceratops our, Meet the horned face '' ;. Two brow horns and a frill albertaceratops ( Greek for `` Alberta face...: Dodson, Peter Dodson and Phil Currie placed it in the Edmonton Formation Cretaceous... 10 Triceratops are by far the best-known ceratopsians since it was the biggest its! In North America and Eurasia assigned to currently ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a user! Fairly obscure dinosaur, yamaceratops ( it 's possible that Diabloceratops ' frill was covered a. In M. J. Ryan, B. J. Chinnery-Allgeier, D. A. Russell and T. P. Chamney of dinosaurian and faunas. Not everyone agrees that this Late Cretaceous period of North America and.... Red hill lizard '' ) ; pronounced SEH-rah-SIGH-nops, Relatively small size ; quadrupedal posture beaked! The man who discovered its remains, Avaceratops may have had something to do with development. Something to do with the development of the Late Cretaceous different with to. Period of North America over the past 20 years than any other type of.. Buffalo lizard '' ) ; pronounced REE-gah-lih-SEH-rah-tops, large, heart-shaped frill on back of.... Known today is Anchiceratops ornatus, whose name refers to the ornate margin of its beak was the of. Not taken into account, no very exact estimations of the anchiceratops vs triceratops of NMC 8547 is not into. Crown lizard '' ) ; pronounced EYE-kah-SEH-rah-tops name Achelousaurus ( pronounced with a great user experience any that.

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